Temple was born to a banker and a housewife with two older children, on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California. [81] The show was reworked and released in color in September 1960 in a regular time-slot as The Shirley Temple Show. At age 44, in 1972, Temple was diagnosed with breast cancer. She began her career in a series of short films, called "Baby Burlesques," in which the three-and-a-half-year-old … [46], Based on Temple's success, Zanuck increased budgets and production values for her films. [82] In January 1965, she portrayed a social worker in a pilot called Go Fight City Hall that was never released. She hosted and narrated a television series called "Shirley Temple's Storybook" (1958 to 1961) and left the entertainment industry. In February 1935, Temple became the first child star to be honored with a miniature Juvenile Oscar for her film accomplishments,[38][39][40][note 3] and she added her footprints and handprints to the forecourt at Grauman's Chinese Theatre a month later. [76] Another rumor said her teeth had been filed to make them appear like baby teeth. She confirmed her true age when she was 21 (Burdick 5; Edwards 23, Shirley and her parents traveled to Washington, D.C. late in 1935 to meet Roosevelt and his wife. Shirley Temple Huskey Fuquay-Varina – Shirley Temple Huskey, age 84, died on December 8, 2020. [66][67] After unsuccessfully auditioning for the role of Peter Pan on the Broadway stage in August 1950,[68] Temple took stock, and admitted that her recent movies had been poor fare. [60][61] Her parents bought out the remainder of her contract, and sent her—at the age of 12—to Westlake School for Girls, an exclusive country day school in Los Angeles. The subsequent salary increase to $1,000 weekly had the economic value of $123,000 in 2019 money, and the bonus of $15,000 per movie (equal to $296,000 in 2019) had the purchasing power of $1.85 million (in 2019 money) in a decade when a quarter could buy a meal. The Little Princess was a 1939 critical and commercial success, with Shirley's acting at its peak. [73] Temple lamented in her memoirs that it "made no economic sense" to pursue litigation against those who made unlicensed goods under her name; a successful lawsuit was filed by Ideal Toy Company against a certain Lenora Doll Company who manufactured and sold Shirley Temple dolls without authorization, with Temple herself cited as a co-plaintiff befitting her celebrity status. She was 85… [118][119] The cause of death, according to her death certificate released on March 3, 2014, was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The rumor was so prevalent, especially in Europe, that the Vatican dispatched Father Silvio Massante to investigate whether she was indeed a child. Shirley MacLaine is one of Hollywood's legendary leading ladies, known for a range of films that include 'The Apartment,' 'Sweet Charity' and 'Terms of Endearment.'. Dubček fell out of favor with the Soviets after a series of reforms known as the Prague Spring. became Shirley's breakthrough film. [72][note 8], Alongside licensed merchandise came counterfeit items bearing Temple's likeness to capitalize on her fame, from dolls, clothing and other accessories to even cigars with her face printed on the label. Temple's song-and-dance routine to the tune "On the Good Ship Lollipop" in 1934's Bright Eyes earned her a special Academy Award, for "Outstanding Personality of 1934." Pneumonia is a common complication of … Kid 'n' Africa had Shirley imperiled in the jungle. The series was based on stories by Sally Benson. During the 1950s and early '60s, she made scattered appearances on the small screen, but her career as a popular film star had ended at an earlier age than most entertainers' had begun. Temple was then lent to other studios. When her rendition of the song "On a Good Ship Lollipop" became famous in the 1930s, she earned a special Academy Award. One of the many examples of how Temple was permeating popular culture at the time is the references to her in the 1937 film Stand-In: newly minted film studio honcho Atterbury Dodd (played by Leslie Howard) has never heard of Temple, much to the shock and disbelief of former child star Lester Plum (played by Joan Blondell), who describes herself as "the Shirley Temple of my day", and performs "On the Good Ship Lollipop" for him. Biographer Anne Edwards wrote about the tone and tenor of Shirley Temple films: Edwards pointed out that the characters created for Temple would change the lives of the cold, the hardened, and the criminal with positive results. At the time of her death, her family had claimed that she had died of natural causes. In 1958, Temple returned to show business with a two-season television anthology series of fairy tale adaptations. Two years later, she achieved international fame in Bright Eyes, a feature film designed specifically for her talents. [64], In 1944, David O. Selznick signed Temple to a four-year contract. Temple died at age 85 on February 10, 2014, at her home in Woodside, California. In 1938, at the peak of her fame, a ten-year-old Shirley Temple was publicly accused of being an unwitting agent of the Communist Party. The couple had two children: a son, Charles, and a daughter, Lori. Shirley Temple was a leading child film actress during the Great Depression, starring in works like Bright Eyes and Captain January. She was said to be the studio's greatest asset. Three-hundred-thousand dolls were sold within six months, and 225,000 books between October and December 1958. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. After meeting Shirley in July, Fitzgerald changed his mind, and tried to persuade her mother to let her star in the film. [90][91], Temple was extensively involved with the Commonwealth Club of California, a public-affairs forum headquartered in San Francisco. After two box-office flops, Fox dropped her contract. Convinced that the girl would successfully move from child star to teenage actress, Zanuck declined a substantial offer from MGM to star her as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, and cast her instead in Susannah of the Mounties, her last money-maker for Twentieth Century Fox. Official: Shirley Temple's death certificate puts the causes of death as pneumonia and COPD, which she suffered for years. [120] Temple was a lifelong cigarette smoker but avoided displaying her habit in public because she did not want to set a bad example for her fans. The Runt Page was a pastiche of The Front Page. citizens. Image of Shirley Temple and Eddie Cantor cutting President Franklin D. Roosevelt's birthday cake in Los Angeles, California, 1937. Fearing that either of the latter two could easily upstage Temple, MGM replaced her with Virginia Weidler. 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