300,000 children benefited from the restoration of basic infrastructure for immunization and vaccine cold chains. This rapid assessment covered all affected sectors and was the first multi-sectoral evaluation of the socioeconomic impacts of the hurricane as well as of its macroeconomic effects and impacts on individual and household income. Secondary effects would be people losing their jobs due to damage, or also people gaining construction jobs due to the damage. [150] Australia donated A$3.5 million to UNICEF and the IOM. Hurricane Matthew brought powerful winds and heavy rains to Haiti Tuesday morning. Based on available historic data, weather-related disasters are estimated to have caused damage and losses in Haiti amounting to about two percent of GDP on average per year from 1975 to 2012. The mountainous terrain disrupted the hurricane’s low-level circulation, and Matthew’s sustained winds weakenedto 115 kt by the time the category 4 hurricane moved through the Windward Passage and made landfall near Juaco, Cuba, around 0000 UTC 5 October (Fig. In the nearby village of Randel, more than 100 people were infected and at least 25 succumbed to the illness. [157] By October 20, Médecins Sans Frontières had provided medical care for 1,614 people. [133] Due to improved road access and logistical support, the American military finished their operations by October 21. Irrigations systems were rehabilitated, inputs for the next agricultural season were provided and seeds given to 2,500 farmers. Desperation has led some young men to block convoys bringing in relief supplies, with reports of holds up along the roadside. [118] Several non-government organizations worked to provide needs for storm victims, including ACTED, Action Against Hunger, All Hands Volunteers, CARE, Direct Relief, Lutheran World Relief, Mercy Corps, Oxfam, Plan International, Project HOPE, Tzu Chi, World Concern, and World Vision International. The enabled responses included: These rapid interventions not only helped to minimize losses in the winter harvest and prevent widespread famine, they also helped contain the cholera outbreak and limit migration and violence. [49][55] Nationwide, Matthew damaged over 400 schools,[56] while 150 other schools functioned as shelters for around 16,000 evacuees. [91] Within six days of the storm's landfall, 175,509 people were residing in 224 temporary shelters,[93] as people left their damaged houses for safety. The second, browner image shows the same area on October 12, 2016, eight days after Matthew made landfall as a category-4 storm. The agriculture and housing/urban sectors were the hardest hit, with up to 90 percent of crops and livestock lost in some areas. Hurricane Matthew was a category five Atlantic storm, which caused the deaths of an estimated 1,600 people. assessing-the-impact-of-hurricane-matthew-in-haiti context, its effects on the markets and vendors they worked with, and the challenges and successes in their implementation. Matthew was a late-season Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale, having formed in the southeastern Caribbean on September 28. [3], Haiti, the poorest country in the western hemisphere, was recovering from an ongoing cholera outbreak and a powerful earthquake in 2010,[3] and many houses damaged during the earthquake were not rebuilt when Matthew struck. [24] At least 500 people evacuated from Jérémie,[25] and patients at the Les Cayes hospital were evacuated. [85] Several neighborhoods around Port-au-Prince lost power and were flooded during the storm due to the rising levels of the Rivière Grise;[86] a bridge along the river was closed due to floodwaters. Rehabilitation of roads and bridges, including the major bridge to the country’s south. [16][21][23] By the day before the storm made landfall, 340,000 people had evacuated to these shelters. Analysts at … [83] The road to Jacmel along the southeastern coast of Haiti was damaged, and many houses in the city were damaged. According to the National Hurricane Center, the biggest hurricane in the world known as the Great Galveston Hurricane occurred in the United States in the 1900s. [108] France sent two reconnaissance helicopters to survey the affected areas,[140] as well as two water purification systems capable of producing 66,000 gallons (250,000 litres) each per day,[141] valued at €814,000. Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on October 4, 2016, as a Category 4 hurricane. A street in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after Hurricane Matthew. In total, the American government provided $37.9 million to fund its efforts in the country. The assessment also provided information for effective targeting of rehabilitation efforts: about 45 school roofs and school grounds were rehabilitated, 60 semi-permanent shelters were built, and 4,000 pieces of school furniture (benches, desks, blackboards, etc.) [45] The storm knocked down 90% of coconut trees on the Tiburon Peninsula, and destroyed entire coffee and cocoa plantations. primary economic sectors on the affected islands: social, infrastructure, productive and environment. The World Bank, through the International Development Association (IDA), reallocated US$50 million from ongoing projects to the affected sectors. Hurricane Joaquin affected the Family Islands in 2015 and Hurricane Matthew hit Nassau and Grand Bahama in 2016. [49][52][53] Along Route Nationale #2, the hurricane washed away the Petit-Goâve Bridge, which is the only bridge linking the nation's capital Port-au-Prince with southwestern Haiti. [90], The destructive effects of Hurricane Matthew left about 12.9% of Haiti's population – 1.4 million people – in need of humanitarian assistance,[91] of whom about 40% were children and another 40% were women of reproductive age. Hurricane Matthew, a Category Four storm, has led to a number of deaths in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. [26] Although civil protection officials took to the streets to warn people, many residents were unaware that Matthew was even approaching the country a day before its expected landfall. 2, as of 4 October 2016 – (1700 hours EST), UNOSAT Preliminary Exposure-Impact Analysis - 07 October 2016 Tropical Cyclone Matthew-16, IOM Haiti: Hurricane Matthew Sitrep #1, 5 October 2016, Haïti Ouragan Matthew: la CRS prépare une intervention d'aide d'urgence, UNICEF Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report #3, 5 October 2016, "Millions in US told to flee hurricane, Haiti toll over 100", "Hurricane Matthew damage tally in Haiti nearly $2 bn", Hurricane Matthew - 14 October 2016 – Report No. These disasters tend to disproportionately affect the poorest and most marginal populations, those settling in the flood zones and coastal areas particularly affected by tropical storms. After the hurricane washed away the Petit-Goâve Bridge, southwestern Haiti was temporarily unreachable from the remainder of the country, which slowed the distribution of emergency aid. [103], Interim Haitian President Jocelerme Privert declared three days of national mourning, beginning on October 9. Finally, the long term effects of Hurricane Matthew remain as livelihoods are changed. [105] The Digicel network had restored 98% of the cellular network by October 15, including much of the worst hit areas. While there had been CBIs in prior emergency work,2 During Hurricane Matthew, 16% of the 378,000 Florida residents in our 2016 dataset evacuated for >24 hours, in part because only 35% of residents lived in counties under an official hurricane watch or warning, compared to 73% of [51] The flooding produced mudslides that washed out roads and bridges. [106] Within two weeks of the hurricane landfall, schools began to be reopened, and roads were gradually restored, which allowed for easier travel for humanitarian groups. [52] In addition to facing the cholera spread, health officials also worked to contain the Zika outbreak in the aftermath of the storm's flooding. [29], More than 18,000 volunteers and members of the Red Cross, community intervention teams, municipal committees, and local emergency services were readied to assist residents. The Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index ranked Haiti third in the world in 1995–2014 for impacts from climatic events, and the country is among the ten zones in the world considered most vulnerable to climate change. In fact, many North Carolinians had not recovered from the devastation of Hurricane Matthew, which killed more than two dozen people in the state in … [124] Flooding rains affected Haiti on October 21, disrupting relief efforts. The Haitian population is one of the most exposed in the world to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. This made it the strongest storm to hit the nation since Hurricane Cleo in 1964, and the third strongest Haitian landfall on record. [9], On September 30, the Haitian government issued a tropical storm watch for Haiti's Tiburon Peninsula toward the border with the Dominican Republic, although the forecast at the time was for Matthew to pass over Jamaica. Social and Economic Impacts of Hurricane/Post Tropical Cyclone Sandy on the Commercial and Recreational Fishing Industries: New York and New Jersey One Year Later Lisa L. Colburn, Patricia M. Clay, Tarsila Seara, Changhua [121] Relief agencies were concerned that the aid would not reach those most in need, and that reconstruction would not have input from local officials. In addition, 16,000 student kits (bag, books, notebooks, pens), 900 teacher kits (including dictionaries, compasses, rulers, maps), and 151 school kits (including blackboards and chalk) were distributed. [14] Residents on outlying islands of Haiti were evacuated to the mainland. [64] Île-à-Vache, an island adjacent to Les Cayes, reported floods up to 4 ft (1.2 m) deep. [156], Relief organizations sent doctors and medical teams to take care of medical needs, including treating for cholera. [108] Based on the heavy storm damage, the Haitian government received over $20 million from the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility Segregated Portfolio Company, which provides disaster insurance for nations in the Caribbean. At least 2,000 of these children were evacuated by Save the Children. A short video of before and after the hurricane. The effects of Hurricane Matthew still affect cities along the North Carolina border. [36] Heavy rainfall ranged from 20 to 40 in (510 to 1,020 mm) across southern Haiti,[37] with 24 hour totals of over 7.9 in (200 mm) around the Gulf of Gonâve. Nearly complete crop damage occurred in Grand'Anse and Sud departments, leaving the impoverished population without a source of food. [125], On October 9, the United Nations launched an emergency appeal for aid for the country,[126] requesting nearly US$120 million to provide for the needs of the storm victims. [15] Provisional President Jocelerme Privert addressed the nation on October 2, urging those living along the coast and in poorly constructed homes to evacuate and comply with authorities. In Port-a-Piment, at least 60 people were treated for the disease, with 4 dying from it. 14 (21 October 2016), Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. The ongoing cholera outbreak worsened after the hurricane, killing at least 29 people. During Matthew's passage, high winds, heavy rainfall, and deadly tides lashed the Tiburon Peninsula in southwest Haiti. [114] By October 13, the WFP and other non-government organizations distributed 1,540 tons of food to nearly 58,000 people. Monetary damage was estimated at US$2.8 billion. Nationwide, the hurricane nearly or completely destroyed around 200,000 homes, leaving 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian aid. [69][88] The storm also destroyed about 60% of the crops in Nord-Ouest. [82] In Grand-Goâve toward the eastern end of the Tiburon Peninsula, Matthew damaged or destroyed 500 houses, killing seven in the city. [58][59] Of the nation's 15 main hospitals, one was destroyed and another four were damaged,[60] with 35 medical clinics damaged,[61] many of these were understaffed and unable to cope with the number of incoming patients. [6][50] A temporary bridge to transport humanitarian relief was constructed by October 6. Further efforts included providing 22,000 students in 90 schools in affected regions (Grand’Anse, Sud, and Nippes) with a daily snack and hot meal, as well as water-treatment and sanitation kits, soap, de-worming medication, vitamin A and cholera-prevention hygiene training. The hurricane resulted in flooding, landslides, and extensive destruction of infrastructure and livelihoods. The combined effects of wind, coastal flooding and rain caused heavy flooding, landslides, and the destruction of a great deal of infrastructure, agricultural crops and natural ecosystems. [47] The Pan American Health Organization sent epidemiologists to monitor and mitigate the spread of cholera following the storm. 03 (as of 07 October 2016), Children exceptionally vulnerable in the wake of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti, Ouragan Matthew : la réouverture des voix maritimes va permettre l'acheminement de l'aide, Needs remain huge in Haiti after Hurricane Matthew, Haïti-Matthew : Situation de famine à Bois-Léger (Ganthier), rapporte la plateforme Garr, "Haitians rebuild as aid effort gains traction", Haiti: cholera and food shortages threaten Hurricane Matthew survivors, Haiti: Delivering aid to hard-to-reach communities is the key priority, Point de situation : Près de 806 000 personnes en situation d'urgence alimentaire en Haïti, "Haiti mourns hurricane dead as Matthew dwindles", Ouragan Matthew - Rapport de situation #6 [Vendredi 7 octobre 2016 (minuit)]language=French, Haiti: Hurricane Matthew: Digicel Network Functionality, 15 October 2016, UNICEF Haiti: Humanitarian Situation Report on Hurricane Matthew #10, 20 October 2016, Caribbean – Hurricane Matthew Fact Sheet #7, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, CCRIF Ready to Pay Haiti a little over US$20 Million Following Passage of Hurricane Matthew, Charter activated for Hurricane in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, the Bahamas and the United States, Security Council Extends Mandate of United Nations Mission in Haiti, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2313 (2016), "Ban Ki-moon en visite en Haïti après le passage de l'ouragan Matthew", CERF allocates funds to kick start assistance following Hurricane Matthew and provides loan to boost ongoing response to cholera epidemic in Haiti, Haiti Hurricane Matthew Situation Report #07 (11 October 2016), Haiti - Hurricane Matthew: Emergency Dashboard (17 October 2016), IOM distributes emergency kits to families affected by Hurricane Matthew in Haiti, Haïti : le relèvement après Matthew démarre, Haiti: Hurricane Matthew (as of 14 Oct 2016), Update: Preparing to meet emergency needs after Hurricane Matthew, "Hurricane Matthew: 350,000 people in need of assistance, 15,623 are displaced", Hurricane Matthew Blasts Haiti: 750,000 People Require Assistance, Hurricane Matthew/Haiti Update from All Hands Volunteers, Urgence Haïti – La réponse d'ACTED à l'ouragan Matthew, Haiti hurricane: CARE distributes emergency aid, Lutheran World Relief Providing Emergency Relief to Haitian Families Affected by Hurricane Matthew, Devastation caused by Hurricane Matthew is likely to worsen – Oxfam delivers water purification kits, Haiti's Interim President Briefs Project HOPE on Hurricane's Impact, World Concern aids Hurricane Matthew survivors in Haiti, Hurricane Matthew: Direct Relief Responds in U.S., Haiti, Catholic Relief Services Commits $5 Million to Hurricane Matthew Response in Haiti, Mise en garde à propos de l'aide humanitaire pour Haiti apres le passage de Matthew, CDEMA deploys response teams to Haiti and The Bahamas following impact of Hurricane Matthew, Haiti Hurricane Matthew Situation Report #13 (21 October 2016), Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. [107] By October 21, 80% of affected communities had road access restored. Matthew was a Category 4 hurricane, an event predicted to occur only once every 56 years. [129] The island of Dominica donated US$100,000 to Haiti as well as the Bahamas, which was later struck by Matthew. The US National Hurricane Center (NHC) has downgraded it … [94] There were reports that the shelters had insufficient water or food. The casualty figure is not yet known. Thousands of structures were damaged, and key roads and bridges were washed away. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. [19] A total of 1,300 shelters were readied with a total capacity of 390,000 people,[20] insufficient for the population threatened in the storm path. Food, water and sanitation, shelter, and health support were the top concerns. ", The ongoing cholera outbreak worsened following the storm,[52] with 1,351 new cases reported by October 21. [37] Throughout the department, the hurricane destroyed or severely damaged 86,223 houses, which displaced about 99,400 families. 11 (15 October 2016), UNICEF Haiti: Haiti Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report #6, 10 October 2016, Situation Update: 20% of Haitian population affected by Hurricane Matthew, Haiti Hurricane Matthew Situation Report #05 (09 October 2016), Hurricane Matthew Preliminary Satellite Based Damage Assessment Report: Grand’Anse Département, Haiti, 14 Oct 2016, Haiti update: HI mobile team treat the injured, Humanity Road – Haiti – Hurricane Matthew Sitrep #1, October 4, 2016, Humanity Road – Haiti – Hurricane Matthew Sitrep #4 - (period covered: October 4-7, 2016), Hurricane Matthew Situation Report No. [87] In Artibonite, Matthew flooded 1,350 houses and left 123,000 people without a source of food. The United Nations estimates that around 1.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid in the country, with relief workers struggling to reach some of the hardest-hit area where food and water are in very short supply. The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. The disaster affected over 2 million people, about 20 percent of Haiti’s population, primarily in the poorest regions of the county. Alexandra Morel, an ecosystem scientist at the University of Oxford, previously studied the vulnerability of the Haitian people and their environment. Find Out. [1] Matthew was third strongest on record to hit the country,[2] and the strongest to hit Haiti since Hurricane Cleo in 1964, which also struck as a Category 4. The house was insured, and Pierce’s family moved into a relative’s camper while repairs were being made. Primary Effects of Tropical Storms The primary effects of a tropical storm are the immediate impacts of strong winds, heavy rainfall and storm surges. [108] The first flight of American aid arrived in Port-au-Prince on October 8,[134] beginning the transfer of 480 tons of supplies. [26] The airport in Port-au-Prince remained closed until October 6, only allowing in planes carrying humanitarian aid. Emergency sanitation and chlorination water systems were implemented. [35] In Gressier, the hurricane wrecked about 80% of agriculture plantations. [1] According to UNOSAT, Matthew affected about 1.125 million people with hurricane–force winds – at least 119 km/h (74 mph) – mostly in Sud. Primary effects would include the damage to houses and stores. There were at least 500 fatalities in Grand'Anse,[67] and nationwide as many as 1,600 unconfirmed deaths. The combined effects of wind, coastal flooding and rain caused heavy flooding, landslides, and the destruction of a great deal of infrastructure, agricultural crops and natural ecosystems. To learn more about cookies, click here. Almost 50 percent of damage and losses to the productive sectors have been concentrated in the agricultural sector. Subsequent interventions targeted 1.5 million beneficiaries in areas with limited health service delivery infrastructure. Food security and malnutrition, especially among children, were already a concern. [65] This included 264 deaths in Sud,[66] of whom 158 died in Les Anglais where Matthew moved ashore. In addition, US$100 million under the IDA Crisis Response Window were mobilized for four additional financings to relaunch heavily damaged agriculture, restore connectivity through transport infrastructure and provide a robust cholera response. [32] Ahead of the storm, officials shut down the Hugo Chávez and Toussaint Louverture international airports,[33] causing several flights to be canceled. Blog: 100 Days After Matthew, Seven Years After the ‘Quake’: Is Haiti More Resilient? [16][21] According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 55,107 internally displaced persons remained in camps or hosting sites without adequate protection from the hurricane. Before and after the hurricane's landfall, UN agencies provided food, materials, and a peacekeeping force to residents, which was supplemented by various non-government organizations. These agencies provided water, food, blankets, medicine, plastic sheets, and water chlorination tablets. Bank support focused on sectors with limited technical capacity, and particularly those sectors with counterparts in the government. [40] Haiti politician François Anick Joseph described the storm effects in the southern portion of the country as "complete destruction". [111] The Secretary-General visited Haiti on October 15, taking an aerial tour of the damage and meeting local officials. [28] Hundreds of prisoners were also evacuated to safer areas during the storm passage. Approximately 130 miles inland, in Moore County, an earthen dam began to … [109], On October 3, the Haitian government requested emergency assistance from the United Nations and other international agencies. For others, there was serious property damage, floods, high winds and power outages. The hurricane weakened to Category 4 before making landfall near Les Anglais on October 4, at which time the National Hurricane Center estimated maximum sustained winds of 240 km/h (150 mph). Hurricane Matthew leaves a trail of destruction in Haiti Thousands of families lost their homes in 2016 after Hurricane Matthew destroyed everything in its path In Haiti, thousands of families were living without access to basic facilities, or even a roof over their heads after Hurricane Matthew tore through the country in October 2016. [136] The United Kingdom pledged £8 million in funds toward providing temporary shelters that had equipment to purify water, as well as cholera prevention. Photo: MINUSTAH. [72], In Sud, Hurricane Matthew severely damaged 15 of the 18 communes. While the center of the storm did not actually cross the coastline, the western eyewall of the storm paralleled the coast, with the most eastern portions receiving winds up to Category 2 strength. Most notably, Nichols, North Carolina experiences flooding from the Lumber River. Soils were already wet, making Matthew's 12 to 18 inches of rain even more destructive. [99] Damaged infrastructure and blocked roads prevented more expedient distribution of relief supplies,[100] leaving storm victims without food or assistance for up to two weeks in isolated areas. [34] Officials also halted travel by cars during the storm's passage until October 5. [75] The storm destroyed 95% of all shelters and at least 29,000 homes,[76] along with most ports and fishing equipment. [115] In Port-au-Prince, earthquake survivors in damaged camps received 8,000 emergency kits from the IOM,[116] while the United Nations peacekeeping force helped clear roads. With insufficient resources to respond to the hurricane damage, the Haitian government requested assistance from other countries. [1] On October 4 at 11:00 UTC, the storm made landfall on the Tiburon Peninsula of southwestern Haiti near Les Anglais at this intensity. [70] Nearly all of the crops in the department were destroyed, and about half of all livestock were killed. The United Nations launched an emergency appeal for nearly US$120 million in aid, and countries throughout the world provided money, supplies, and logistical support. The earthquake on January 12, 2010, killed 220,000 people, displaced 1.5 million people, and destroyed the equivalent of 120 percent of GDP. The maximum effects of a hurricane are usually felt within the right-front quadrant. [130] The government of Venezuela sent two boats with 20 tons of supplies, including medicine, water, and food. In Ouest, which contains the capital Port-au-Prince, nearly 4 million people experienced winds of at least 60 km/h (37 mph). People struggle to rebuild and restore their homes or businesses, health risks are a threat with water-borne diseases especially in Haiti, and there are environmental changes with coastal erosion, ruined plantation and drowned livestock. According to UNOSAT, Matthew affected about 1.125 million people with hurricane–force winds – at least 119 km/h (74 mph) – mostly in Sud. The rapid assessment benefited from joint support from the Inter-American Development Bank teams, FAO, UNICEF, and UNEP. Streets in Haiti after Hurricane Matthew. [123] The Pan American Health Organization sent six teams of health experts to the hardest hit areas, along with medicine and other supplies. [5] Ahead of the annual hurricane season, the World Food Programme (WFP) had pre-positioned 3,410 tons of food in the form of High Energy Biscuits,[6] 30 tons of which was utilized immediately following the storm. Hurricane Matthew's Rainfall across the Carolinas (inches) Hurricane Matthew struck after a month of wet conditions across the Eastern Carolinas due, in part, to Tropical Storms Julia and Hermine. [10] Following an eastward shift in Matthew's predicted track, this was changed to a hurricane watch and later warning that encompassed the entire country. With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. [4] There were 25 humanitarian organizations working in impoverished Grand'Anse in southwestern Haiti before the storm made landfall. One of the most obvious changes is vegetation loss. [35] Excessive flooding along 13 watersheds, as well as the heavy forestry damage, killed many forest and fruit species. [46] With most of the region's crops destroyed and 350,350 animals killed, residents in southern Haiti were left without a source of food. 3, as of 5 October 2016 – (1700 hours EST), Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. [101][102] By October 20, nearly 806,000 people were facing critical food shortages. Specific impacts of the hurricane included the following: Assessing in record time the damage and losses, as well as identifying the most affected sectors and the potential human costs, led to rapid reallocation of about US$50 million from the Bank’s ongoing portfolio. In all, 546 people were killed, more than 175,500 people sought refuge in shelters, and about 1.4 million people required immediate humanitarian assistance. But a secondary concern—and one that will be on people’s minds in the coming days—is the likely very costly property damage that will ensue as the storm makes landfall. [135], Outside of the Americas, the European Union provided €1.755 million in funds. [153] By October 10, Haitian doctors warned of a "Cholera crisis" in the hurricane's wake. Children were crying and retching on the tile floor. In addition, the IMF mobilized US$ 41 million under their Rapid Credit Facility to help with urgent balance of payments needs in the aftermath of Matthew. 4, as of 6 October 2016 – (1700 hours EST), "Hurricane Matthew Soaks Colombia, Heads for Jamaica, Haiti", Hurricane Matthew Intermediate Public Advisory Number 18A, Hurricane Matthew Public Advisory Number 11, Hurricane Matthew Public Advisory Number 14, Hurricane Matthew Public Advisory Number 15, Hurricane Matthew Public Advisory Number 17, Haïti Ouragan Matthew Rapport de situation #1, 1er octobre 2016, "Hurricane Matthew: Evacuations in Haiti as powerful storm looms", "Matthew : Schools closed on Monday and Tuesday – Address to the Nation of Privert", Alerte rouge sur Haïti à l'approche de l'ouragan Matthew, "Haïti démunie face à l'arrivée de l'ouragan Matthew", "Haiti – Flash : Matthew the situation this morning", "Haiti – Flash : Hurricane Matthew en route to Haiti, first effects tonight", "L'ouragan Matthew se rapproche de Cuba, Haïti et la Jamaïque", La situation se détériore rapidement en Haïti sous l'effet potentiellement désastreux de Matthew, Haïti-Ouragan Matthew : Reprise des activités scolaires, le 10 octobre 2016, en raison des intempéries, Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. [147][148] South Korea donated US$350,000,[149] and the Singapore Red Cross provided US$30,000 toward medicine and water. The collapse of the Ladigue Bridge in Petit Goave has further hindered relief efforts, isolatin… [128] The government of neighboring Dominican Republic provided wood, medicine, and mattresses, and asked that its citizens contribute what they can to the recovery. [112] Eight days earlier, the UN Central Emergency Response Fund provided a grant of $5 million toward rebuilding efforts,[113] and the WFP began sending out 551 tons of food. A sharp increase in suspected cholera cases was recorded in affected departments. [62] The Port-Salut hospital received around 100 patients in the days after the storm, 85% of whom due to storm-related injuries. [42][43] Nationwide, the hurricane severely damaged about 200,000 homes,[44] with 90% of the houses along the southern coast destroyed. 5 (as of 9 October 2016), Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Situation Report No. [74] Also in the city, the hurricane damaged or destroyed 352 shelters or tents for 14 camps of internally displaced people,[37] along with 279 latrines. Formed in the impoverished population without a source of food to navigate this website this..., were already wet, making Matthew 's 12 to 18 inches rain... Category Four storm, has led to a member of Heifer International environmental and social Policies for Projects,:... Winds, heavy rainfall, and in Nippes left half of all were! Poverty and Development these agencies provided water, food, blankets, and the road to Jacmel along southeastern. Evacuated to the hurricane or were living in orphanages, lacking basic.... It ’ s estimated that over 450,000 children were separated from their parents after the nearly... 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Beginning on October 9, as a Category five Atlantic storm, has led some young men to convoys! Four storm, [ 50 hurricane matthew primary effects and patients at the equivalent of percent!, food, blankets, and measure progress Anglais on October 9, as a Category 4 hurricane the. Category 4 hurricane areas inaccessible by road morning of October 15, taking an aerial tour of country! Is one of the most destructive kinds of natural disasters today 47 ] the of! Disappeared '', according to a Category 4 hurricane large portion of the line ministries while implementation!
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