[19] The structures that were swept away by this tornado were either improperly anchored, lacked interior walls, or were surrounded by contextual damage not consistent with winds exceeding 200 mph (320 km/h), and as a result an EF5 rating could not be applied. This tornado was produced by a supercell thunderstorm that began in Newton County Mississippi at 2:54 pm CDT, and finally dissipated in Macon County, North Carolina at approximately 10:18 pm CDT. Fall Severe Weather, Special Programs The majority of it remained within a couple of yards of the home. [3] By the morning of April 27, the SPC upgraded to a high risk of severe weather,[4] noting that a dangerous tornado outbreak capable of producing several violent – EF4 tornado or stronger on the Enhanced Fujita scale – and long-track tornadoes was expected. The supercell produced a large wedge tornado in rural Greene County, Alabama, which tracked towards the neighboring Tuscaloosa County at EF2 intensity, uprooting numerous trees and causing minor damage to structures. The Torro scale, which measures tornados put it … The damage sustained in this area is consistent with EF-2 wind damage. Rapidly intensifying, the tornado moved towards the southern and eastern portions of Tuscaloosa at around 5:10 p.m. CDT (22:10 UTC). Numerous trees were completely denuded and debarked as the tornado passed near the rural communities of Searles and Mud Creek, and debris from Tuscaloosa was reported to be falling from the sky across Birmingham over 20 miles (32 km) away in Jefferson County. The severe tornadoes that swept through Alabama on April 27, 2011 destroyed more than 6,000 square miles and claimed 248 lives. The damage in the Fultondale area included folded highway light poles along the interstate, and roof damage to the Days Inn on U.S. Highway 31. The 2011 Tuscaloosa–Birmingham tornado involved several strong tornadoes in Alabama. The Director of the state health department and staff members in health departments across the state are prepared to respond in part because of the Environmental Health Training in Emergency Response (EHTER) course developed by CDC’s NCEH taken in Anniston, AL at FEMA’s … The April 27 tornado that leveled parts of Tuscaloosa, AL (see EHTER Preparation Comes in Handy in Alabama Tornado Response) was one of several that hit the state. Special thanks to Sergeant Rocco Renno of the Hoover Police Department and Officer Chad Allinder of the Jefferson County Sherrif's Department for their assistance with ground damage surveys in the Birmingham area. Tornado Warnings for counties in Central Alabama were in effect from 338 pm until 800 pm with this supercell. It became, at the time, the costliest single tornado on record, and easily the most photographed tornado to date. Below we have listed the most significant outbreaks, along with links and information, and some of NSSL's research products that have been used in assessing the outbreaks. In addition, several cinder block homes were completely destroyed with debris swept away (EF-4). No vehicles were tossed, only pushed slightly from their original position. The tornado reached a maximum path width of 1.5 miles (2.4 km) during its track … Although not a main damage indicator, there was also evidence of vehicles being moved, but only a couple of feet. To the east of US-31, the damage quickly diminished from EF-2 intensity to EF-1 and EF-0. Additionally, wind rowing of debris was evident throughout the Pleasant Grove community which is characteristic of a storm of this magnitude. It was one of the 360 tornadoes in the 2011 Super Outbreak, the largest tornado outbreak in United Stateshistory. Meanwhile, the wind shear environment became substantially more favorable as an 80–100 kn mid-level jet ejected eastward into the region. The Bethel Baptist Church also sustained significant damage to its roof, though the main structure of the building was still intact. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Tornado, Joplin, Missouri, 2011. It then went on to impact parts of Birmingham as a high-end EF4 before dissipating. A total of 44 people were killed in the Tuscaloosa area. On This Day: 2011 Tornado Super Outbreak Decades-Old Records Challenged and Broken. Emergency buildings are wiped out. By the time the tornado reached Interstate 65, it was evident that the storm was losing its energy. [17] A four-sided brick home in the area also had its roof torn off, but none of its exterior walls collapsed. Birmingham, AL tornado--April 27, 2011. [7] Shortly thereafter, at 3:09 p.m. CDT (20:09 UTC), the National Weather Service office in Jackson, Mississippi issued the first tornado warning on the supercell that would eventually produce the Tuscaloosa–Birmingham tornado.[8]. Tornadoes in April 2011 cause death and destruction in Tuscaloosa, Cullman, and Birmingham and northwest Alabama. Flood Products Description Many stations, including WIAT (channel 42), WBMA/WCFT/WJSU (channel 33/40), WTVY (channel 4) in Dothan and WSFA (channel 12) in Montgomery, showed television cameras capturing the event as the tornado moved east-northeast across the western and northern suburbs of Birmingham at high-end EF4 strength around 6:00 p.m. CDT (23:00 UTC). Tornado destruction, Pleasant Grove, AL, April 27, 2011 . Here is the video of the Birmingham tornado that Brian Peters and I got from downtown on I-65 and I-59. Graphical Forecasts Drought Monitor Almost all trees were blown down or snapped in the vicinity, as well as in the bottom of a narrow ravine nearly 100 feet below the house. Several mobile homes were destroyed, cinder block homes received heavy damage, and significant tree damage was noted in this area. Biographical information on the victims is included, and continues to be added. As the tornado moved across a coal yard in this area, a 35.8-tonne (78,925 lb) coal car was thrown 391 ft (119 m) through the air. The tornado that left a streak of devastation through Tuscaloosa and the suburbs of Birmingham during the 2011 Super Outbreak has become one of the most well-known tornadoes in history. Questions? Part of the catastrophic tornado outbreak that occurred on April 27th, 2011. Der 27. … EHTER Graduate Responds to Birmingham Tornado. Related Pages. Tornado Safety Rules, Awareness Weeks However, this was revised to 64 deaths and more than 1,500 injuries. The 2011 Tuscaloosa–Birmingham tornado was an EF4 multiple-vortex tornado that destroyed portions of Tuscaloosa and Birmingham, Alabama, as well as smaller communities and rural areas between the two cities, during the late afternoon and early evening of April 27, 2011. Tornado Warnings for counties in Central Alabama were in effect from 338 pm until 800 pm with this supercell. Several suburbs in the area sustained catastrophic damage from the tornado as it tore through the west side of Birmingham, resulting in twenty fatalities. Many homes in this area were constructed by the method of pier and beam foundation, which led to some of the major destruction, as this construction will not withstand winds of this magnitude. April 2011 ist der tödlichste Einzeltag des jüngsten Tornadoausbruchs seit dem 18. Several injuries were noted in this area. Please try another search. Aviation Weather Birmingham, Alabama Tornado on April 27, 2011 Part of the catastrophic tornado outbreak that occurred on April 27th, 2011. The worst path of destruction started in Tuscaloosa and cut across the heart of metro Birmingham, a path where at least 26 lives were lost. Below is the one-minute resolution pressure trace from Clay, where the mesocyclone passed directly overhead, but the tornado had lifted. As part of a system which wreaked havoc across the eastern half of the United States (April 25-28), the following is an account of the tornado outbreak of April 27th, 2011, in Central Alabama. The 2011 Tuscaloosa–Birmingham tornado was a large and violent EF4 multiple-vortex tornado that devastated portions of Tuscaloosa and Birmingham, Alabama, as well as smaller communities and rural areas between the two cities, during the late afternoon and early evening of Wednesday, April 27, 2011. A marina on Holt Lake was significantly impacted, with numerous boats and a restaurant destroyed; some boats were tossed over 330 feet (100 m) in this area. Prior to the spring of 2011, the record number of tornadoes in a single month was 542, set in May 2004, while the record for April was only 267.The 2011 Tornado Super Outbreak by contrast, had 362 confirmed tornadoes.. A powerful low pressure system combined with moist and unstable atmospheric conditions to produce this now-infamous tornado outbreak. Near Union at 4:50 p.m. CDT, the tornado was captured live on ABC 33/40 by meteorologist John Oldshue. [12] The tornado then ripped through the neighborhoods of Rosedale and Forest Lake, leveling and sweeping away numerous poorly-anchored homes. It became, at the time, the costliest single tornado on record, and easily the most photographed tornado to date. EF-4 damage was prevalent here, with slabs wiped clean, though the debris from each home had not been removed by the winds. MP shown around tornado-hit areas. National Weather Service The tornado lifted just south of the Patterson Lane after twisting irrigation equipment and snapping additional trees. The April 27 tornado that leveled parts of Tuscaloosa, AL (see EHTER Preparation Comes in Handy in Alabama Tornado … It was here in McDonald Chapel where evidence of a slight weakening of the tornado became clear. Birmingham ist eine Stadt im Jefferson County im US-Bundesstaat Alabama, Vereinigte Staaten und mit 212.237 Einwohnern (Stand: Volkszählung April 2010) die größte Stadt Alabamas.Die Stadtfläche beträgt 393,5 km 2.. Birmingham ist eine Industriestadt, hauptsächlich sind die Baumwoll-, Elektro-, Zement- und chemische Industrie vertreten. März 1925, als in 24 Stunden 747 Menschen den Tod fanden. The tornado strengthened as it crossed the Black Warrior River, north of Interstate 20 and approached Tuscaloosa to a violent EF4 with winds of 170 mph. 1 ,Jim Stefkovich 2 ,J ohn DeBlock 3 , J ames G. Ladue 4 , Chris Karstens 5 1 Haag Engineering Co. It claimed more than 300 lives, injured 2,775 and was responsible for $12 billion in … According to the storm survey from the National Weather Service, as many as 65 people died in the Tuscaloosa-Birmingham tornado alone that day, and 1,500 people were injured. Similar devastation to homes and businesses was noted along both sides of CR 45 near 1st St E. and locations to the northeastward. It continued through a dense forest towards Birmingham, this time downing thousands of trees and flattening more rural homes. The tornado entered the southern portion of Tuscaloosa as a low-end EF4 and crossed 35th Street, completely destroying a cell phone tower and several warehouses in an industrial area. The tornado continued to Holt Lock and Dam Road near its intersection with Recreation Area Road. Flood Ready Winter Weather Warnings This was the first video evidence that the tornado had touched the ground, and a tornado emergency was declared. Local Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Data, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Winter Weather In Birmingham, hundreds of victims have exhausted available shelters. The Alberta Park Shopping Center was completely destroyed with no walls standing and a pile of debris on the foundation. Birmingham Board of Education President Phyllis Wyne's house on Dugan Avenue was destroyed in the tornado. Special thanks to Sergeant Rocco Renno of the Hoover Police Department and Officer Chad Allinder of the Jefferson County Sherrif's Department for their assistance with ground damage surveys in the Birmingham area. April 1936 454 Tote gezählt wurden. [10][13][16][17], After causing massive timber damage in rural areas, the tornado entered Jefferson County and rapidly intensified to its maximum intensity and width. 2011 Spring Tornado Outbreaks. Es wurden um die 175.000 Dollar eingenommen. So, this supercell existed for about 7 hours and 24 minutes, and traveled approximately 380 miles producing several strong to violent tornadoes along the way. On May 4, 2011, the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer on NASA’s Terra satellite observed another segment of the tornado track, closer to Birmingham, Alabama. [9][10] Skycams operated by Tuscaloosa-based television station WVUA-CA (channel 7) as well as Birmingham Fox affiliate WBRC (channel 6), ABC affiliate WBMA-LD/WCFT-TV/WJSU-TV (channels 58, 33, and 40), and CBS affiliate WIAT (channel 42) captured video of the tornado as it struck Tuscaloosa. How Tuscaloosa’s responding to new crisis with lessons from 2011 tornado By Michael Casagrande, al.com 3/30/2020 Justice Department places new pressure on immigrants facing deportation A 2.5-mile EF-4 (or EF-5,still under debate) tornado cuts through Birmingham. Obama was quoted as saying that he had "never seen devastation like this." Regional Weather Roundup, Forecasts The tornado that left a streak of devastation through Tuscaloosa and the suburbs of Birmingham during the 2011 Super Outbreak has become one of the most well-known tornadoes in history. Due to the combination of rich low-level moisture, strong shear, and focused large-scale ascent, there was relatively high confidence across the outlined area for strong tornadoes – a tornado rated EF2 or higher on the Enhanced Fujita scale – and widespread damaging winds. National Weather Service meteorologists completed the assessment of storm damage from this tragically historic day of tornadic activity and severe weather across Central Alabama on Wednesday, April 27th. 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